Acne Canada - Your Acne Treatment Guide

Acne Complex® is a fast and effective Acne Treatment System to Help You Work to Get Rid of Acne

Acne Canada

You're Not Alone

Men, women, young and old-there's no way around it. Acne affects nearly everyone. To make matters worse, acne blemishes not only appear on your face. They can pop up allover your body. The bad news is that only a small percentage of acne sufferers will actually seek help from a physician or skincare specialist. Instead, most will ignore it. The good news is that there's an acne treatment product just for you.

So put aside your worries and read on.

Understand your skin. Understand your acne. Get a fresh, flawless complexion with the most effective acne treatment products available.

Skin. What is it good for?

Skin is your body's largest organ. It covers your entire frame and accounts for about 16 % of your total body weight. Skin keeps you warm when it's cold and it keeps you cool when it's hot.

The top layer, called the epidermis, is thinner than cellophane. Its cells create a strong translucent barrier that allows some light to pass through, and keeps water out and moisture in. You may love the sun, but the dermis detests it.

This middle layer is packed with collagen to keep skin firm. The sun's UV rays can break down collagen, which causes your skin to wilt and wrinkle.

Below the dermis the subcutaneous fat layer rests on your bones and muscles, to which the whole skin structure is joined by connective tissue. This layer is composed of fat-filled cells and larger blood vessels and nerves. While this incredible external organ protects your internal organs, you can protect your skin with proper care.

What is acne?

Pustules, papules and comedones, oh my! Acne vulgaris is the medical term for acne, a common skin disorder that has no one cause or cure. It's the over production of oil which results in clogged pores called blackheads and whiteheads or outbreaks of lesions called pimples, nodules and cysts. Acne blemishes can appear allover the body, but they are especially visible on the face, neck, chest and back. Acne vulgaris can be divided into two categories: mild to moderate and severe.

Causes of acne

How does acne happen?

Hair, oil and skin cells can sometimes clump together to form a hard plug. Bacteria inside results in swelling, the plug breaks down-and poof! A pimple appears. But remember: that pimple didn't happen over night. It most likely took weeks to manifest. Before you can put an end to acne, you've got to go back to the beginning.

What triggers acne breakouts?

For the most part, heredity and hormones determine your complexion. Dermatologists (doctors who specialize in skin disorders) have linked acne to the following combination of factors:

Genes You can change your jeans, but you can't change your genes. Heredity determines your height, hair and eye colour. Thank your parents and accept the way you are.

Hormones Hormonal changes during puberty, the female menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause can increase oil production and trigger acne breakouts.

Stress From studying for exams to juggling work and children, stress and acne go hand-in-hand. As tension builds, the body emits stress hormones, which increase the production of oil. Habitual stress can also slow the healing process, allowing blemishes to persist.

Hygiene Heat and sweat can create a breeding ground for bacteria, clogged pores and body acne. Backpacks, tight straps and non-breathable fabrics can also provoke breakouts.

Environment It's not only the sun's UV rays that are harmful to your skin. Harsh sunburns can dry out the skin's surface and aggravate your complexion. Holding a phone to your chin all day can also flare up acne.

Medications Medications such as oral contraceptives and male hormone therapy for women can have side effects that throw hormones out of whack and cause breakouts.

Cosmetics Some oil-based makeup such as foundation and cover-up can block pores and disrupt a smooth complexion, especially if you leave it on overnight. Oily sunblock and heavy body lotion can also stir up pimples.

Diet Although what you eat is not always related to a breakout, some people do have skin allergies to certain foods. Sushi, sea salt and shellfish are full of iodides, which can provoke breakouts.

Who gets acne?

Teenagers Puberty is the pits. It's all hormones, hormones, hormones. About 85% of people ages 12 to 24 show symptoms of acne, thanks to the h-word. It's tough enough being a teenager, what with raging emotions and awkward physical changes.

Girls Around the time that girls welcome a monthly cycle and curvier body, they develop blackheads and pimples around their noses. Then, depending on the individual, little red pimples and pustules may appear on the forehead, chin and cheeks.

Boys Boys develop a little later than girls. They also usually experience longer bouts of acne than girls, due to booming testosterone levels. Their voices deepen. Their hair thickens and then, out of nowhere, they've got to face blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, pustules and sometimes worse, cysts and nodules. Boys who play a lot of sports tend to breakout on their backs and chests.

Adults Believe it or not-many adults aren't in the clear when it comes to acne. Whether you're 15 or 50, acne appears on about half of women and a quarter of men. Since hormones continue to shift, blemishes tend to show up, especially on the chin and jaw-line. And much the same as teens, adults must deal with feelings of insecurity on top of daily stress.

Men So now you know-it's not just a teenage skin disease. While many adults continue to experience acne, most men have seen their last breakout by their mid to late 20s. After puberty, skin clears up as hormones balance out. While it's more common for adult women to show signs of acne, adult men will usually have more severe acne, even deep cysts that may scar. Folliculitis (razor bumps or razor rash) is also a common occurrence on the face and neck. It's important to lather up with warm water, shave with a clean razor and finally, hydrate sensitive skin with a gentle moisturizer.


Monthly Cycle Many adult women have more oil and breakouts on their skin about a week before their cycle starts. Oral contraceptives are one option women can discuss with their physician or dermatologist. Some birth control pills have been shown to help clear up acne blemishes by stabilizing specific hormones.

Pregnancy Nausea, stress-and pimples, are you kidding? Acne breakouts frequently occur during the first trimester of pregnancy as a result of fluctuating hormones. While estrogen production increases, skin continues to clear and improve over the next two trimesters. Following childbirth estrogen levels plummet and this may cause blemishes to return, but often for short periods of time. Salicylic acid is a gentle solution that clears skin without over-drying.

Menopause Hot flashes, headaches-and great-you've got acne again! Pause. So you're not in the clear quite yet. Hormonal shifts during perimenopause, menopause and post-menopause can lead to breakouts. As estrogen decreases, testosterone increases, along with a surplus supply of oil, dead skin cells and facial hair (think teenage boy). Then, bam! A blemish-bomb. Use a gentle exfoliant on your skin and take care with a proper diet, including drinking plenty of water. Consult your physician if you're considering vitamin supplements or hormone replacement. But before you seek a solution to your skin troubles, discover your skin type.


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